HEREIN System

European Heritage Policies

Italy

National coordinator: 
Giuliana DE FRANCESCO
Label [EN]: 
Italy
Label [FR]: 
Italie
Label [own language]: 
Italia
Capital: 
Rome (Roma)
Population: 
60 626 442
Area (km2): 
301 336.00
Density (pop/km2): 
201.19
Official minorities: 
NamePercentage of overall population
German
0.50%
Franco-Provencal and French
0.20%
Ladin
0.10%
Slovene
0.10%
Sardinian
2.20%
Friulian
0.90%
Occitan
0.30%
Albanian
0.20%
Greek
0.03%
Catalan
0.01%
Croat
0.01%
Commentary:: 
Data = 10.08.11. Population data = 31.12.10 The law no. 482 of 15 December 1999, recognises the following minority languages: Albanian, Catalan, German, Greek, Slovene, Croatian, French, Franco-Provençal, Friulian, Ladin, Occitan, Sardinian (Legge 15 Dicembre 1999, n. 482, Art. 2, comma 1). The law also makes a distinction between those who are considered minority groups (Albanians, Catalans, Germanic peoples indigenous to Italy ("popolazioni germaniche"), Greeks, Slovenes and Croats) and those who are not (all the others). Recognition by the regions • Aosta Valley: French is co-official (enjoying the same dignity and standing of Italian) in the whole region (Le Statut spécial de la Vallée d'Aoste, Title VIe, Article 38); German is unofficial but recognised in the Lys Valley (Lystal) (Le Statut spécial de la Vallée d'Aoste, Title VIe, Art. 40 - bis). • Sardinia: Sardinian is co-official (enjoying the same dignity and standing of Italian) in the whole region (Legge Regionale 15 ottobre 1997, n. 26, Titolo I, Art. 2, comma 1); Catalan is co-official in the city of Alghero (Legge Regionale 15 ottobre 1997, n. 26, Art. 2, comma 4), Tabarchino in the islands of Sulcis, the Sassarese and Gallurese dialects in their respective territories (Legge Regionale 15 ottobre 1997, n. 26, Art. 2, comma 4). • Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol: German is co-official (enjoying the same dignity and standing of Italian) in the whole region (Statuto speciale per il Trentino-Alto Adige, Titolo XI, Articolo 99); Ladin, Cimbrian and Mocheno are unofficial but recognised in their respective territories (Statuto speciale per il Trentino-Alto Adige, Titolo XI, Articolo 102). • Veneto: the Venetian language is unofficial but recognised (Legge regionale 13 aprile 2007, n. 8, Art. 2, comma 2).