Knowledge and protection - Iceland

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Country: 
Iceland
Summary: 

Preservation of archaeological heritage
All archaeological artefacts found underground are the property of the state and the discovery of such items must be notified to The Cultural Heritage Agency of Iceland. Artefacts from archaeological excavations must be surrendered to the National Museum of Iceland on completion of the excavation.

Ships and boats older than 50 years are considered archaeological artefacts and all boats older than 1950 have de facto protection status. An assessment from The Cultural Heritage Agency of Iceland must be sought with respect to all alterations to such boats, including their destruction or their being sold to another country.Where it has been decided that archaeological artefacts be preserved at the National Museum of Iceland, they are considered to be national relics.

There are two levels of protection for archaeological sites:
Protection constitutes automatic protection of all archaeological sites older than 100 years.

The Minister can decide listing of archaeological sites with cultural heritage, scientific or artistic value, having received the opinion of The Cultural Heritage Agency of Iceland. Listing can also cover the immediate environment of the listed site. A continuous area of land can be listed where there is more than one archaeological location considered to have cultural heritage value. Listed archaeological sites are considered to be national relics.

There are three levels of protection for buildings and structures:
There are 492 buildings scheduled pursuant to the older legislation from 31 December 2012. In addition to this the Minister can decide scheduling status for other buildings and structures, or for parts of such buildings and structures, that have heritage, scientific or artistic value, having received a proposal from The Cultural Heritage Agency of Iceland.

All buildings 100 years or older have protected status.

Building work on buildings and structures that were erected in or before 1925 and churches that were erected in or before 1940, is subject to assessment.

Emergency listing
The Cultural Heritage Agency of Iceland can designate emergency listing status for sites or buildings that have special cultural heritage, scientific or artistic value, but that have not been designated as listed or enjoy statutory protection, if there is a risk that the sites or buildings will be spoiled, demolished or their value diminished in any manner. While emergency listing is in force the rules of listing apply.

Emergency listing comes into force when The Cultural Heritage Agency of Iceland has informed all stakeholders of its decision in a verifiable manner. The decision is binding after notification has been received by the parties and applies for up to six weeks.

The Minister shall decide whether the cultural heritage shall be listed before expiry of the emergency listing, having received a proposal from The Cultural Heritage Agency of Iceland.

2.1 Main inventories

2.1.A Description of the inventory

Inventory's name: 
Listed Archaeological Heritage
Total number of items / inventory objects: 
850
Is inventory closed or open ?: 
Closed

2.1.B Extent of coverage

Approach (click to collaps)

Archaeological Heritage

Land-based sites/monuments that tend to be considered outside the definition of 'architectural heritage'
Industrial heritage
Military heritage
Religious heritage
19-20th century sites/monuments
Underwater sites/monuments or artefacts that tend to be considered outside the definition of 'architectural heritage'

Architectural Heritage

Landscape Heritage

2.1.C Legal status

Is this inventory required by law?: 
Yes
Does it have 'procedural' implications?: 
Yes
If 'yes' above, are these procedural implications mandatory or advisory?: 
Mandatory

2.1.D Maintenance

Organisation responsible for the maintenance of this inventory: 
The Cultural Heritage Agency of Iceland

2.1.E Content

What type of inventory is it?: 
Scientific
Topographic
What do the records include?: 
Maps+scale of maps
Photographs
Text

2.1.F Use of Level of Detail

Level of detail: 
Comprehensive
Level of location detail: 
Address
Approximate location
Co-ordinates
Fieldwork results
GIS
Primary data
Published data
Is it in database format?: 
Yes
What is the sort of information described in this inventory?: 
Detailed
Select the different levels of use of this inventory?: 
Community identity
Conservation
Protection
Scientific research
Spatial planning
Are there publication(s) associated with it?: 
No

2.1.G Finance

What type of financing does it receive?: 
Structural
What type of funding is used?: 
Public

2.1.H Internet

Is there Internet access?: 
Partial access
What is the Website's status?: 
In construction: mainly
Are sufficient resources available to maintain, update it?: 
Non

2.1.A Description of the inventory

Inventory's name: 
Archaeological sites

2.1.B Extent of coverage

Approach (click to collaps)

Archaeological Heritage

Land-based sites/monuments that tend to be considered outside the definition of 'architectural heritage'
Industrial heritage
Military heritage
Religious heritage
19-20th century sites/monuments
19-20th century sites/monuments
Underwater sites/monuments or artefacts that tend to be considered outside the definition of 'architectural heritage'

Architectural Heritage

Landscape Heritage

2.1.C Legal status

Is this inventory required by law?: 
Yes
Does it have 'procedural' implications?: 
Yes
If 'yes' above, are these procedural implications mandatory or advisory?: 
Mandatory

2.1.F Use of Level of Detail

Level of detail: 
Comprehensive
Level of location detail: 
Co-ordinates
Fieldwork results
GIS
Primary data
Published data
Select the different levels of use of this inventory?: 
Community identity
Conservation
Protection
Public education
Scientific research
Spatial planning
Are there publication(s) associated with it?: 
No

2.1.G Finance

What type of financing does it receive?: 
Project
What type of funding is used?: 
Public

2.1.H Internet

Are sufficient resources available to maintain, update it?: 
Non

2.1.A Description of the inventory

Inventory's name: 
Protected buildings

2.1.B Extent of coverage

Approach (click to collaps)

Archaeological Heritage

Architectural Heritage

Buildings still largely complete and/or habitable
Industrial heritage
Religious heritage
Historic contents and fittings
19-20th century sites/monuments

Landscape Heritage

2.1.C Legal status

Is this inventory required by law?: 
Yes
Does it have 'procedural' implications?: 
Yes

2.1.E Content

What type of inventory is it?: 
Scientific
What do the records include?: 
Drawings
Maps+scale of maps
Photographs

2.1.F Use of Level of Detail

Level of location detail: 
Address
Fieldwork results
GIS
Primary data
Published data
Is it in database format?: 
No
What is the sort of information described in this inventory?: 
Summary
Select the different levels of use of this inventory?: 
Conservation
Protection
Public access
Scientific research
Spatial planning
Are there publication(s) associated with it?: 
No

2.1.G Finance

What type of financing does it receive?: 
Structural
What type of funding is used?: 
Public

2.1.H Internet

Are sufficient resources available to maintain, update it?: 
Non

2.1.A Description of the inventory

Inventory's name: 
Sarpur

2.1.B Extent of coverage

Approach (click to collaps)

Archaeological Heritage

Land-based sites/monuments that tend to be considered outside the definition of 'architectural heritage'
Industrial heritage
Military heritage
Religious heritage
19-20th century sites/monuments
Underwater sites/monuments or artefacts that tend to be considered outside the definition of 'architectural heritage'

Architectural Heritage

Buildings still largely complete and/or habitable
Religious heritage
Historic contents and fittings
Groups of buildings still largely complete and/or habitable
Historic contents and fittings

Landscape Heritage

2.1.C Legal status

Is this inventory required by law?: 
Yes
Does it have 'procedural' implications?: 
No

2.1.F Use of Level of Detail

Level of location detail: 
Approximate location
Primary data
Select the different levels of use of this inventory?: 
Conservation
Scientific research

2.1.G Finance

What type of financing does it receive?: 
Project
What type of funding is used?: 
Public

2.1.H Internet

Are sufficient resources available to maintain, update it?: 
Non

2.2.A Legal regulations for the creation and/or maintenance of storage areas for the documentation of the heritage.

No

2.2.B Archaeological finds and documentation kept together

No

2.2.C Non-statutory archaeological finds storage facilities

Yes

2.2.D Organisation(s) which have responsibility for storage of documentation or archaeological finds

National museum

2.2.E Research and/or documentation centre(s) for heritage that are not part of government or university systems

No

2.3 Systems of protection

2.3.A Heritage legislation/ protection systems:

Category's name / Name of level: 
Fridlystar fornleifar (Listed Archaeological sites)

Number of items:

Year: 
2015
Items: 
850

CoE Conventions to which it relates

Valletta Convention on Archaelogical heritage:
- Visible remains
- Buried remains

2.3.B Inventory(ies) in which this category/protection scheme is recorded.

Listed Archaeological Heritage

2.3.C Organisation(s) responsible for this category / protection scheme

Cultural Heritage Agency of Iceland

2.3.D Type of ownership

Private
Community (e.g parishes, co-operatives)
State

2.3.A Heritage legislation/ protection systems:

Category's name / Name of level: 
Fornleifar (Archaeological sites)

Number of items:

Year: 
2015

CoE Conventions to which it relates

Valletta Convention on Archaelogical heritage:
- Visible remains
- Buried remains

2.3.B Inventory(ies) in which this category/protection scheme is recorded.

Archaeological sites

2.3.C Organisation(s) responsible for this category / protection scheme

Cultural Heritage Agency of Iceland

2.3.D Type of ownership

Private
Community (e.g parishes, co-operatives)
State

2.4.A Mandatory reporting to the competent authorities, by the finder of the chance discovery of heritage elements

Yes
Competent authorities: 
Organisation
The Cultural Heritage Agency of Iceland

2.5.A Specific legal responsibility concerning illicit circulation of elements of heritage

Yes
Archaeological heritage

2.5.B Illicit trade of heritage governed by a specific law

Yes
Integrated approach

2.5.C Police unit dedicated to the illicit antiquities trade

No

2.5.D State action to identify material suspected of coming from illicit excavations or unlawfully from official excavations in

2.5.D State action to identify material suspected of coming from illicit excavations or unlawfully from official excavations in other States party to the Valletta convention

2.5.E Parties involved in the following activities for identifying illicit archaeological excavations (including the illegal use

2.5.E Parties involved in the following activities for identifying illicit archaeological excavations (including the illegal use of metal detectors, treasure hunting)

2.5.E Activities (click to collaps)

Site inspection

Site inspection: 
Parties involved: 
Agency
Frequency: 
Never
Parties involved: 
NGOs
Frequency: 
Never
Parties involved: 
Volunteers
Frequency: 
Never

2.5.F Museums and similar institutions required by the State to abide by acquisition policies ensuring they do not purchase elem

Yes