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Between 2009 and 2013, the Ministry of Culture has elaborated a series of normative-legislative documents with the aim of facilitating the development of cultural areas and safeguarding national heritage. From the fifteen thousand sites known only 5,206 are included in the Register of monuments protected by the state .The total of monuments include about 8000 archaeological sites, about 100 old and early medieval citadels, 3 medieval wall fortresses, 6 medieval towns (Orhei, Lăpușna, Tighina, Soroca, Căușeni, Chișinău), 788 churches, 129 manors and more historic towns from the 19th century (Bălți, Cahul, Chișinău, Orhei, Soroca, Tiraspol). In the same way, out of those 5206 monuments included in the register, 4806 monuments are considerated of national importance and 1120 of local importance. Most important national monuments are located in Chișinău – 419, and in Edineț district – 380. Thus, from the register of monuments protected by the state there are 2696 archaeological sites, 1284 historic monuments, 1261 architectural and 225 art monuments.
In view of the integration of the Republic of Moldova to the EU, a Cultural development strategy – “Culture 2020” - was elaborated by the Ministry of Culture. Its scope is to both, protect and value the country’s cultural heritage as a national priority. In the strategy, a number of key-objectives and specific actions to be implemented are identified:
- Elaborating standard contracts for caretakers/owners which manage heritage;
- Forming an evidence and documentation system of cultural heritage;
- Creating a system for protecting and preserving the cultural heritage;
- Valorizing and integrating the cultural heritage into public policies;
- The Monument Institute will be one of the key-institutions in the process of safeguarding a component of the country’s richness.
The authorities responsible for implementing these objectives are the Ministry of Culture and the subordinated institutions, including also profile institutions at local level.
At local level the responsible institutions are the Local Public Authorities and the local Culture Directions. At national level, the ones responsible are the Ministry of Culture, the Agency for Inspection and Restoration of Monuments, the National Archaeologic Agency.
List of Legislative documents of the Republic of Moldova concerning cultural and natural heritage
- Law concerning the protection of monuments, no. 1530-XII, June 22, 1993.
- Law concerning the archivist state fund, no. 880-XII, 22.01.92
- Law concerning town-planning principles and territorial arrangement no. 835-XIII, May 17, 1996
- Law of culture, no. 413 – XIV, May 27, 1999.
- Law concerning architectural activity, no. 1350-XIV, November 2, 2000
- Law concerning museums, no. 1596-XV, December 27, 2002
- Law concerning environmental protection no. 1515-XII of June 16, 1993
- Law concerning natural resources no. 1102-XIII, February 6, 1997
- Law concerning the natural areas protected by the state, no. 1538-XII of February 25, 1998.
- Law concerning the Land Code, no. 828-XII of December 25, 1991
- Law concerning the subsoil Code, no. 1511-XII of June 15, 1993
Ratified International Conventions
- European Cultural Convention, Paris, 1954, ratified by the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova on May 24, 1994
- European Convention for the protection of the archeological heritage adopted at Valetta on January 16, 1992, ratified by the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova, December 2001
- Convention for the protection of the architectural heritage of Europe of October 3, 1985, ratified by the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova, December 21, 2001
- European Convention of landscape, adopted in Florence, 2000, ratified on 14.03.2002
- Convention concerning the protection of the cultural and natural heritage (UNESCO, Paris, 1972) ratified by the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova, June 6, 2002
- Convention concerning the protection and promotion of diversities of cultural expression, Paris, 20.10.2005. Ratified by the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova, 27.07. 2006
- UNESCO convention concerning the safeguarding of immaterial cultural heritage, adopted in Paris, 2003, Ratified by the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova, 24.03. 2006
- Convention-plan European Council concerning the value of cultural heritage for society, adopted in Faro, Ratified by the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova, 01.12. 2008
- UNESCO convention over the measures that follow to be taken for the prohibiting and impeding unlawful operation of import, export and property transfer of heritage goods, Paris, 04.11.1970, adhered on 14.09.2007
- The Convention for protecting cultural goods in case of armed conflict, along with Regulations of executing, adopted in The Hague, on May 14, 1954 and the Protocol at The Hague Convention, 1954, adhered on 09.12. 1999